The percentage of those with a disability in the U.S. civilian population slightly increased from 11.9% in 2010 to 12.7% in 2017. In 2017, 37.0% of people with disabilities ages 18 to 64 living in the community were employed. Employment rates vary by types of disability. The following resources are listed to increase our collective awareness about different disability types and supporting workplace resources available to support that targeted population.
Workplace Resources for Ambulatory Disability: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) reported that 6.5 million people in the United States use a cane, a walker, or crutches while 2.2 million people depend on a wheelchair for mobility. Overall, it has been found that as the American population ages, the percentage of people with an ambulatory disability increases.
Workplace Resources for Autism Spectrum Disorder: It is estimated that more than 3.5 million Americans live with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Overall, ASD affects each individual differently with a range of symptoms occurring at varying intensities from mild to severe in relation to social and communication skills.
Workplace Resources for the Blind: Among working-age blind adults, approximately 70 percent remain unemployed. It has been found that there is a high correlation between knowing how to use Braille and successful employment outcomes amongst working-age blind adults.
Workplace Resources for the Deaf: NIH reported that approximately 15 percent of American adults (37.5 million) aged 18 and over report some trouble hearing. Communicating with deaf individuals is an achievable goal in the workplace as outlined in the following resources.
Workplace Resources for Mental Health: It has been reported that 8 of 10 workers with a mental illness condition report shame and stigma which prevents them from getting treatment. In 2017, 20.8% of SSDI beneficiaries had a mental illness.
Workplace Resources for Intellectual Disability: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) experience significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. The majority of adults with ID are either unemployed or underemployed.